Six significant tidbits from the piano’s history

Are you a music enthusiast interested in purchasing a piano for your home? Here is some fascinating facts regarding the evolution of this instrument that will assist you in better understanding the current market offering and the benefits that such a product can provide.


If you desire the warm sound of a classical piano but lack the space in your home for a conventional model, you may consider purchasing a piano as an alternative. Vertically arranged, with the sounding board and strings perpendicular to the keys, these musical instruments blend in beautifully with any apartment living space.

Because interpretations have a greater appeal when the interpreter is familiar with the product, we have included some fascinating facts about the piano’s history below.


What exactly is a piano?

The piano, or vertical piano, is defined by a construction resembling a vertical box from which the keyboard protrudes, generally at half its height, and is typically equipped with two legs. When a key is pushed, the rear end of the instrument lifts a mechanism that delivers a hammer to the string corresponding with that note, generating the intended sound. Simultaneously, a felt-covered piece of wood is removed from the triggered rope, allowing it to vibrate more freely.Six significant tidbits from the piano's history


The ground floor

According to available historical data, the first piano is believed to have been built in 1739 by Domenicus del Mela de Gagliano, although historical documents indicate the presence of a similar instrument in Leipzig in 1735, but the date is uncertain and no information about the author is available. One of Gagliano’s instruments is in the Luigi Cherubini Conservatory’s collection and is on exhibit at the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence.


What is the identity of John Isaac Hawkings?

The original piano models were far higher than they are now, since the strings began at the keyboard, necessitating the vertical expansion of the resonant box.

In 1800, John Isaac Hawkings, who subsequently established himself as a highly skilled and known piano builder, devised the current configuration, in which the strings begin much lower, near the floor. Hawkings’ pianos had leather-covered hammers initially covered in felt, double strings, and two pedals. One of Hawkings’ pianos is still on display at the Smithsonian.

This modification simplifies the transport and placement of the instruments without compromising the intensity of the sounds generated. Additionally, the style below facilitates framing in the décor, as today’s pianos are far more beautiful and discrete in appearance than their predecessors.


Piano in the shape of a pyramid and piano in the shape of a giraffe

In 1798, the giraffe piano was created in Vienna. Although the precise designer of this design is unknown, it is likely to be Seuffert, Schlimbach, Seuffert, or Wachtl. The construction is modeled after the Viennese tradition of putting hammers below the level of the ropes, giving them a greater degree of action sensitivity.

It gets its name from the shape of the sounding board, which has a thin upper segment that bends to the side, like a giraffe neck.

The pyramid style dates all the way back to the early part of the eighteenth century, when Christian Ernst Friederici created it. The pyramid shape, which resembles an extended isosceles triangle with its resonant box narrowing toward the top, was one of the first kinds of pianos produced. Some were embellished in Egyptian style to add to the design’s attractiveness, while others incorporated ornate clocks or other decorative features. It is one of the most advanced models, with the strings beginning at the keyboard.

Six significant tidbits from the piano's history

The piano in the house

The pianos gained popularity beginning in 1805, when they were dubbed “house pianos.” This description is based on their compact size, which allows for framing in less imposing mansions, while the aristocracy’s residences are often large enough to accommodate a classical piano. Additionally, the piano is much less expensive than a grand piano, making it more affordable to individuals in the middle class. By the early 1900s, the piano had already established itself as an affordable and preferable option for those unable to purchase one.

Spinet pianos, console pianos, studio pianos, and vintage pianos

Not all pianos are meant to be as huge, despite the fact that they are already a smaller version of the classical piano. The usual height of such an instrument is up to 150cm, with a depth of 60 – 70cm, with the area taken up in the house by the interpreter’s bench of around 150 x 150cm.

Spinet and console are the smallest models. The height of a spiny piano is typically around 90cm, while the console may reach up to 110cm. Due to their shorter strings and smaller sounding board than the higher versions, these variations are believed to have a weaker sound.

The studio versions are the ones that are most frequently utilized in music schools and studios. They stand around 120cm tall, which results in a greater string length and hence a more rich and full sound, akin to that produced by a horizontal piano, according to some experts.

The classic versions are the biggest pianos, standing between 130 and 150cm in height. Because they are the most similar to the horizontal variations in terms of sound quality, these versions have been among the most popular in the homes of music enthusiasts. They were huge enough to make a nice sound but took up too much room to be readily incorporated. These tools have been used for generations when properly maintained.


Six significant tidbits from the piano's history
Piano digital

Currently, you may select between acoustic and digital versions, with the latter generating sounds using an electronic keyboard and a database. If you are wondering which piano is ideal for you, we will tell you that it depends on your preferences and the type of music you want to play, but that it is a good idea to begin with an acoustic model if your budget permits.

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