Prior to purchasing a harmonica, it is critical to grasp the distinctions between the many types available and, more significantly, which key to begin with. Because a musician, regrettably, cannot cover all the components. While chromatic and diatonic models are the most popular, it is essential to understand the other types in order to go to more complicated styles or ones that fit you better and allow you to completely express yourself.
Country, folk, and blues music are frequently connected with harmonics. A musician is an extremely practical musical instrument: it is inexpensive, requires minimal care, fits in the pocket of a jacket, and learning to sing is not difficult (with a little talent, even a self-taught person can easily do this). However, you must first learn about the many genres of music and what they are capable of.
Uncomplicated diatonic music
This is the conventional harmonica: it is the most popular, particularly in the Western world, owing to its compact size and practical nature. Current models measure around 10 cm in length and are frequently less expensive on the market. Simple diatonic harmonicas are capable of reproducing a variety of musical styles, including blues, folk, country, rock, and jazz.
Bear in mind that the harmonica was initially intended to be used to perform Bavarian folk music. Additionally, it was the musical instrument of black Americans, serving as the symbol of the blues. Since then, the diatonic musician has established a presence in a variety of musical genres, including rock, country, and Celtic.
To play notes on this instrument, a vacuum or a blow through a hole is required. The sound produced is determined on the tongue’s position. The harmonica has a total of 40 notes, significantly more than the saxophone. The most difficult aspect of learning to play music is mastering the language’s positions.
The blues harp is the most popular diatonic harmonica variation. It is readily identifiable by its very basic and compact form, which typically comprises 10 holes (on three octaves). Contrary to its name, the blues harp is not only for blues music. Indeed, it is the most often utilized music across all genres and is also the most accessible to novices. Hohner Special 20 and Lee Oskar Major are two well-known types.
A skilled harmonica player can execute semitones or even tones that are not considered to be basic in a musician’s repertoire of notes.
Harmonicas with double tremolo or diatonic harmonicas
A double harmonica with tremolo is a diatonic harmonica with two rows of holes. When they are paired together, they generate roughly the same sound. Vibrato effects may be readily generated by adjusting the holes. These songs are ideal for accompaniment due to their warm and gentle tone.
With an average length of 20 cm, this style of harmonica produces notes that are separated by two vibrating axes, producing a tremolo sound similar to that of an accordion or a classical tremolo. If you understand how to play diatonic music, you can create some very remarkable music.
Music in the double octave
As with its summer counterpart, the double tremolo harmonica, the double octave is a diatonic music variation with two rows of holes. While it has a similar look to tremolo, the sound is quite different. Indeed, the two rows are adjusted differently, resulting in a more rich and dense sound. Thus, when a C is played in this style of music, a C major and a minor C of an octave are produced simultaneously.
Diatonic music with a twist
If you have never played a chromatic harmonica and want extra choices, you will need to purchase a new instrument with the appropriate scale for the tune you are playing. The most prevalent type of music is diatonic. To begin playing the harmonica, it is critical to select a model in the Do (C) range, as the majority of courses and tutorials will be in this range. As a result, you will not have to adjust the courses, which eliminates irritation throughout the learning process.
Additionally, Sol (G) major and Fa (F) major are often used tones. In blues and rock, it is typically suggested to select a F harmonica if you want to play in the C range, a G harmonica if you intend to perform in the D range, and so on. This gap is chosen because the notes of the pentatonic scale (which are most frequently used in blues and rock) are simpler to play on a Fa model (for a C song).
Other genres, on the various hand, are better suited to tunics in other tones. A model in B (B) is ideal if you like to perform Irish music; a model in B flat is ideal if you wish to accompany a clarinet, and so on.
It is the most recent model of harmonica. It enables the interpretation of a chromatic scale spanning more than two octaves. However, because to the arrangement of his notes, he is limited in terms of chord possibilities, which results in fewer rhythmic alternatives as compared to diatonic harmonica.
The most popular chromatic music models consist of 24 divisions with 12 holes. However, there are versions with 16 holes and an additional lower octave, as well as models with ten or fourteen holes. Each hole in the chromatic harmonic always connects to four axes, two of which generate notes by blowing and the other two via aspiration. Bear in mind that this particular style of harmonica is commonly utilized in classical and jazz music.
The performer does not need to alter his tongue position when playing chromatic music. The instrument has a unique technology to generate changed sounds. The chromatic harmonica is available in two configurations: in C, which provides the diatonic scale of C major, and in C sharp. The vocalist can then toggle between Do and Do sharp by dragging a tab.
With chromatic harmonics, you have a nearly limitless amount of possible sounds. In summary, this kind of music is easy to learn. Regrettably, it is not without drawbacks. The resulting sounds are bland and perhaps overly faint. They are certainly diverse, yet they lack the force of the diatonic harmonica’s. It is impossible to coerce the musician into shouting, speaking, or crying. As a result, its employment in a wide variety of musical forms is uneven. In addition, the chromatic harmonica costs more than the diatonic one.