As with the camera, the quality of sound produced by a microphone is highly dependent on your ability to manage its strengths and shortcomings. A few easy methods can substantially increase the performance of any gadget of this sort that you happen to have in your possession.
You may not necessarily need to purchase the most costly microphone in order to record a high-quality voice or instrumental performance. Often, a mid-range model will enough if you know how to maximize its features. Here’s how to assemble one for use with your low-cost product.
Choose an appropriate location
The quality of the sound picked up by the microphone is highly dependent on the acoustics of the recording location, particularly when it comes to the human voice. In big, unoccupied spaces or those with several hard-surfaced surfaces, the sound will be fragmented and harsh. Sound waves get more congested in tiny, crowded spaces with several soft surfaces.
Experiment with different rooms until you discover one that sounds nice, or test all the locations inside the same room until you find one that meets your needs. You will witness firsthand how a single microphone captures differently depending on the location picked. To determine the optimal spacing, avoid utilizing the microphone and instead listen to the noises made when someone is playing.
There are several ways and tricks that may be used to alter the space’s acoustics. One of them is the use of materials that absorb indirect sound (that is, sound that is reflected from the camera surfaces) and allow only direct sound to reach the microphone (that is, sound created by the voice). The ideal solution is to install polyurethane foam panels, but you may also cover hard surfaces with thicker mattresses or carpets.
Clapping your hands in random locations across the room is a frequently used method for testing the acoustics of a space. If the acoustics are poor and the room requires extensive remediation, a booming, metallic sound will be heard. You will hear a nice and harmonic reverb in places with good acoustics, which are often big, with high ceilings and numerous surfaces that disperse the sound.
We are referring to the location of the listener in relation to the sound source, which is most commonly the vocalist. In conventional variations, the microphone is often set at a distance of 4 – 5 cm by a pop filter, quite near to where the soloist sings. It is a time-honored strategy that frequently succeeds, but not always. For instance, sitting so near to the microphone capsule frequently amplifies bass effects, which can be beneficial in some instances but can be avoided in others.
Remove the pop filter and move the vocalist a few inches forward. Another option is to lift the microphone’s base above and aim the body below, placing the soloist a few inches below the microphone, resulting in a clear, balanced, and clean sound.
In essence, each microphone has a sweet spot where it catches the greatest sound, and it is critical to locate it by experimenting with various placement options.
Stand for microphones
As simple as it may appear, the manner you fix and support a cheap and decent microphone has a significant impact on the quality of sound capture, making it an issue that specialists carefully evaluate.
From the stability given to the option of mounting the microphone in many locations to choose the optimum one, the stand has a direct effect on the qualities of the sound collected and played back.
You would want a model that allows you to adjust both the height and angle of the microphone in order to provide as much mobility as possible.
Interpretation of high quality
It is a well-known fact that no matter how powerful a microphone is, it cannot create a piece of art from a terrible performance. While dynamic versions offer greater voice force, for example, while condenser versions round out the sound, the differences are not significant enough to compensate for skill and labor.
If you want to record a high-quality song, invest time in rehearsals and classes and polish each part. If you are recording a song for someone else, it is important to understand how important it is for the artist to feel at ease at the chosen venue.
Allow him time to adjust to the room and test his acoustics long enough to understand what he is up against and adjust his performance accordingly.
Eliminate background noise
Background noise, regardless of the type of microphone used, can degrade any recording. The easiest action you can take is to switch off all ventilation devices (floor or desk fan, laptop fan, model put in the bathroom wall, etc.) and completely close the windows and doors, therefore reducing outside noise.
If you are prepared to invest more money and time, you may purchase sound-absorbing drapes or polyurethane foam panels. The ideal locations are all windows and doors, which insulate less than walls and occasionally allow sound to travel through even when closed.
Vibrations in the office
If you pick a desk-mounted microphone, bear in mind that it is possible, and fairly common, to strike one side of it with your foot or palm, generating vibrations that are transferred to the capsule.
The issue may be simply resolved by purchasing a shock protector that is integrated into the stand. Additionally, specialists advocate purchasing these accessories directly from the microphone manufacturer, since they need matching the degree of elasticity supplied to the supported device’s weight.