When you begin studying music, whether on an instrument or vocally, you prepare for outstanding and appealing things. However, it is critical to master the theory to aid in your growth, and one of the first lessons is musical intervals.
What exactly is music? There are numerous perspectives, and each artist can define music via his or her own lens. In a less poetic sense, we may say that music is a series of musical notes combined in order to achieve a pleasing aesthetic form. Composition is a true art form, yet judgments are subjective, and everyone will perceive the composition differently.
There are numerous books on music, with the theory section being particularly significant, and in this post, we will discuss musical intervals. They are the foundation for melody, harmony, and polyphony when studied from the start. Since the time of the ancient Greeks, these musical intervals have been researched in order to comprehend the intonation of musical phenomena.
Intervals in music are what they sound like.
A pitch ratio termed a musical interval exists between two musical sounds. Pitch is used to describe sounds and can range from low to high. Thus, the distance between the bass sound, also known as the base, and the treble sound, also known as the peak, is a musical interval.
It possesses a critical feature known as consonant. When sounds are discordant, or when they are not connected in harmony, they can become unpleasant, and we might refer to this as a dissonant sound.
A musical interval can be flipped, with the base (bass sound) rising an octave higher and the apex (treble sound) falling an octave lower. Musical intervals can be characterized as simple (distance less than one octave) or complicated (distance larger than one octave) (with intervals greater than one octave).
Musical intervals of various types
The musical interval, which is commonly indicated by Arabic numerals, can be calculated by determining the number of steps between the base and the top.
Thus, simple intervals exist within an octave. They are eight in number, similar to the notes in a range:
To begin, repeat two sounds in unison on the same step;
Second – two distinct noises occurring on adjacent steps;
Terta – three steps separate two notes;
Fourth – is an ideal interval consisting of four steps between two sounds;
Fifth – at a five-step distance;
Sixth – there are six steps between two sounds;
Seventh – with a seven-step distance;
Octave – the interval of eight steps between two sounds.
When the intervals beyond the scope of an octave, they are referred to as complexes, with a simple interval added to the octave interval:
Ninth – a second and an octave;
Tenth – a third above an octave;
Octave + a quarter of an octave;
The twelfth – the fifth over the octave;
Tertia Decima – a sixth and an octave;
Fourth – a seventh greater than the octave;
Fifth – octave – or double octave
Musical intervals can also be classified according to the number of tones and semitones they include. Thus, perfect intervals can be defined as follows:
The ideal quartet, consisting of two tones and a semitone;
Three tones plus a semitone make up a perfect fifth; six tones make up a perfect octave.
A perfect interval can be increased by adding a semitone (the addition will be indicated by an Arabic numeral followed by +) or decreased by subtracting a semitone (you will find the notation with -).
And the defective ones, which can be small or large:
Second – semitones (small) and tones (big);
Terta consists of two tones: small (one tone plus a semitone) and large (two tones).
Sixth – small (4 tones) and large (4 tones + a semitone);
Seventh – petite (cinq tons) et grandiose (five tones and a semitone).
Music is universally legitimate; without the need for translation, a score can be read and performed anywhere in the globe. The musical language is limitless, and this system comprises musical intervals, octave division, and standard notation.
The musical material can be ordered and arranged in octaves of varying degrees of severity: subcontraoctava and contraoctava are rarely used: High and low octaves are extremely popular, particularly in beginning courses; octave 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc.
A musical interval is composed of two fundamental components: numerical size, which refers to the number of notes in the interval, and quality, which refers to the number of tones and semitones in the range.
Intervals in music can alternatively be classified as intervals that refer to the distance between notes on the instrument or generic intervals that refer to the distance on the sheet.
Additionally, you can meet with:
Ascending intervals – those in which the small second begins with low sounds and progresses to the high seventh in the acute;
Descending intervals – from the acute little second to the severe seventh major.
Why are these concepts significant?
When you begin guitar lessons, or any other instrument for that matter, do not be afraid to delve deeply into the concepts of music theory, as they will come in handy while reading and comprehending a score, as well as when listening and hearing what is being sung. Be familiar with musical intervals prior to creating musical harmony, chords, and so on.
Allow time to become familiar with these concepts and begin with small intervals. Even if they appear to be complicated concepts at first glance, with patience and a lot of practice, you will learn them, and the internet environment will provide several examples to assist you. To begin, play the notes without altering the interval; later, when you feel the necessity and are already in control of the situation, you can add sharps and flats.
After you have established and mastered simple intervals, you can progress to complex intervals. As your study progresses, you will notice that everything related to ranges, chords, and compositions is founded on musical intervals, without which you cannot advance.