A Guide to ESSENTIAL Musical Instruments at a Glance

In order to arouse your interest for this beautiful and vast field, but also to be able to enrich your knowledge, we present to you briefly a small guide about musical instruments, referring to the most known and most used.

The musical field is very vast and with a long history behind it, which led to the development and diversification of instruments over time, and here you will find some relevant information about them.


It is a musical instrument known since ancient times and widely used since the Renaissance, which develops along the way. Present in all symphony and opera orchestras, used as a soloist or vocal accompanist, the flute was preferred by great composers.

From a constructive point of view, it is in the form of a cylindrical tube, removable in 3 parts, with holes operated directly by the fingers and one or two flaps. It is one of the most agile aerophone instruments, with a tone that knows no obstacles.

It is an instrument that gives color, gentle and tender, sparkling, which is used to express states of peace and calm, childhood innocence or dreamy songs. It can also illustrate oriental images or in the acute register tearing states, tender sadness or desolation, resignation.

A Guide to ESSENTIAL Musical Instruments at a Glance


As early as 1710, the clarinet attracted the attention of composers of the time, its use gaining momentum in the music of romantic composers. As a construction, it comes in the form of a cylindrical ebony tube, which is disassembled into 5 parts.

It has free holes that are covered with fingers, but also covered with flaps. In the upper part it has a must and a barrel, and in the lower part it is provided with a flag. It is a wind instrument commonly present in symphony and opera orchestras, in numbers of 2, 3 or even 4, according to the requirements of the work performed.

With rich possibilities of expression, many composers took advantage of its sound to entrust melodic passages that represent a wide range of feelings and moods, from restlessness and chills, drama, to melancholy and dreaming, joy and good mood.


In 1840, a great lover of music, combining the elements of two instruments: the simple ancie present on the clarinet, with a conical metal tube like the one on the oboe, made a new one, which also takes its name (Adolphe Sax).

Over time, the saxophone develops and retains a leading place in new music, being used in addition to symphonic music, and jazz, but also in other styles.

The most used of the vast family is the alto saxophone in E flat, with a solo role in general, which also benefits from a rich concert repertoire. Its stamp is suitable for melancholy, nostalgia, but also the illustration of grotesque or humorous passages.

The possibilities of expression and technique develop a lot during jazz, where it occupies an important and solo place.


With a rich use throughout history, known since the Babylonian celebrations, the trumpet has occupied a place of honor, being present both on the battlefield and at popular celebrations.

Of all the versions that have appeared over time, the chromatic trumpet with valves or pistons is required, presented both in symphony orchestras and in jazz music that considerably enriches its technical-expressive resources.

A Guide to ESSENTIAL Musical Instruments at a Glance

It is classically made of brass, in the form of a cylindrical-conical tube, curved in an ellipsoidal shape that ends with a flag. Although it has long been an instrument of harmony or support with long notes of the chords of wind instruments, slowly, slowly it occupies a solo place with signal themes, with heroic, martial, festive or playful character, but also lyrical, sweet songs. or passionate.


From a large family of string and bowed instruments, the violin occupies a leading place, very common in symphonic and opera music. Recently, more and more instrumentalists are diversifying their repertoire and you can find the violin, including in rock, popular, pop, etc. bands.

Originally made of wood, over time there were certain luthiers who processed and made the instrument by hand, giving it a richness that has been consolidated over time (Stradivarius being one of the best known).

With a very wide scope, each of the four strings having its own sound color, unrepeatable, the violin is not absent from the exceptional compositions, both as a solo role and as an accompaniment.

The guitar

A musical instrument with pinched strings, with a long history behind it, which quickly conquered the souls of music lovers around the globe. The guitar has a resonant box made of classic wood, with a claw on which the strings are stretched.

The sound charm of the instrument is closely related to the material used for the resonant board, and for its body, especially for acoustic models. Although initially it was used as an accompaniment of the voice, along the way it also develops on the solo side, being able to perform the song and the accompaniment at the same time.

It is very widespread and there are both electro-acoustic, electric, bass models, being very present in modern music.


A very large family of musical instruments, known since ancient times, present in the culture of many peoples, which develops a lot over time.

A Guide to ESSENTIAL Musical Instruments at a Glance

There are those in symphonic music such as timpani, big drums, dinners, orchestral bells, marimba, those used in popular music such as xylophone, bells, big and small drums, etc., but also sets for the rhythm section of a band.

Also, there are a multitude of other elements that make up this vast family, and which, used at certain moments, add charm and color to the pieces performed: chestnuts, bongos, conga, cajons, gongs, etc.

It is a fairly simple instrument but very important in any musical genre, which allows the artist countless possibilities of expression, as well as solo parts of great dexterity.

Now that we have opened your taste, you can search for more information about the instrument you prefer. If you are interested in starting to learn, you have in the online specialty stores a wide range of offers, on different types and exceptional brands, you can easily find a Yamaha organ , a Fender guitar, a Steinway piano, Yamaha drum set or any other tool you want.

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